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Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment

Program Definitions

Program Definitions

In the military, you became familiar with a particular set of terms with specific meanings that were used in specific circumstances. This page of definitions will help you learn the VocRehab lingo.

Case Manager (CM)

A rehabilitation professional responsible for oversight of all services provided to a program participant. The CM provides direct services in those areas in which he or she has expertise and monitors others that may provide supportive or related services.

Chapter 31

The Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (VocRehab) program is authorized by Congress under Title 38 of the United States Code, Chapter 31. It is sometimes referred to as the Chapter 31 program. VocRehab helps Servicemembers and Veterans with service-connected disabilities prepare for, find, and maintain suitable careers.

Chapter 33

The Post-9/11 GI Bill is authorized by Congress under Title 38 of the United States Code, Chapter 33. The Post-9/11 GI Bill provides financial support for education and housing to people with at least 90 days of continuous service after September 10, 2001, or individuals discharged with a service-connected disability after 30 days of continuous service after September 10, 2001.

Chapter 36

VocRehab provides a wide range of educational and vocational counseling to Veterans, Servicemembers, and eligible family members who are entitled to or participating in a VA education benefit program. These services are authorized by Congress under Title 38 of the United States Code, Chapter 36.

These services help the individual identify a career goal and choose an educational program to reach that goal. Counseling may also be provided to assist the student in overcoming barriers to academic success. Services include:

  • Career Choice - understand the best career options for you based on your interests and capabilities
  • Benefits Coaching - guidance on the effective use of your VA benefits and/or other resources to achieve your education and career goals
  • Personalized Support - Academic or adjustment counseling and personalized support to help you remove any barriers to your success

Eligible

A term applied to a Veteran who qualifies for or is entitled to Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment benefits based on a service-connected disability rating but whose employment handicap has yet to be determined.

Employment handicap

An impairment of a Veteran’s ability to prepare for, obtain, or retain employment consistent with his or her abilities, aptitudes, and interests if the impairment results in substantial part from a service-connected disability. For Veterans within the 12-year basic period of eligibility and rated at 20 percent or more, a finding of employment handicap results in entitlement to Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment services.

Entitled

A term applied to a Veteran who meets the criteria to receive Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment benefits based on a service-connected disability and an employment handicap.

Post-9/11 GI Bill

The Post-9/11 GI Bill provides financial support for education and housing to people with at least 90 days of continuous service after September 10, 2001, or individuals discharged with a service-connected disability after 30 days of continuous service after September 10, 2001. It is authorized by Congress under Title 38 of the United States Code, Chapter 33.

Rehabilitation plan

A written, detailed outline of services provided under the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment program. It may include a description of services such as reemployment with a previous employer, rapid access to employment, self-employment, on-the-job training, or independent living services.

Serious employment handicap (SEH)

A significant impairment of a Veteran’s ability to prepare for, obtain, or retain employment consistent with his or her abilities, aptitudes, and interests. The SEH must result in substantial part from a service-connected disability. For Veterans rated at 10 percent and Veterans beyond their 12-year basic period of eligibility, the finding of an SEH is necessary to establish entitlement to Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment services.

Service-connected disability

A disability that resulted from or was aggravated by an injury or illness while the Veteran was serving on active duty in the military.

Suitable employment

Employment that does not aggravate the Veteran’s disabilities, is stable, and is consistent with his or her pattern of abilities, aptitudes, and interests.

Transferrable skills

Reasonably developed skills, knowledge, and abilities attained through training and experience (civilian and military) that relate to current employment opportunities in the labor market.

VetSuccess.gov

VetSuccess.gov is a website that helps Veterans, Servicemembers, and eligible family members build meaningful careers by linking Veterans with employers interested in hiring them through an online employment portal.

VetSuccess on Campus

Colleges and universities that partner with VocRehab host a Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor, sometimes referred to as a VetSuccess on Campus (VSOC) Counselor. These counselors are available to provide informal career guidance, advice, and information and referral for all student Veterans and Servicemembers. VSOC's are valuable resources to assist student Veterans in successfully navigating through their academic program.

Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment

The Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (VocRehab) program helps Veterans with service-connected disabilities prepare for, find, and keep suitable jobs. It is authorized by Congress under Title 38 of the United States Code, Chapter 31. It is sometimes referred to as the Chapter 31 program.

Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor (VRC)

A VRC is a rehabilitation professional who provides or coordinates a wide range of rehabilitation services that might include counseling, training, rehabilitation, and employment services.